Treatment of periodontal disease and periodontitis
Digital Dentistry "Victoria Dent" in Pechersk
Curettage of periodontal pockets is a mandatory dental procedure for the reliable and competent treatment of diseases of the gums of the oral cavity. Gingivitis, periodontitis and other diseases are some of the most common problems that dental clinics treat today.
General information and reasons for conducting
The doctor carries out a whole range of necessary actions for the treatment of gum disease, which are aimed at eliminating the sources, and not eliminating the consequences of the disease. This approach allows you to carry out the event without subsequent complications and the occurrence of the disease after some time.
The curettage of periodontal pockets is an obligatory procedure, not a single treatment can do without it. The word of French origin means curettage or purification. Accordingly, the removal of various granulations, subgingival plaque and stone from dental pockets occurs. Such small gaps are present on almost the entire gum and look like small gaps between the surface of the gum and the middle of the tooth. Such formations are natural, but they serve as a good place for the accumulation of bacteria that cause various diseases.
The normal size of such a pocket is not more than 3 mm. In this condition, a person independently cleans it with ordinary brushing of teeth in the morning and in the evening. Abnormal dimensions are considered to be distances exceeding 3 mm. Self-cleaning is difficult, which increases the risk of accumulation of a large number of microbes that cause various gum diseases. Such clusters destroy gum tissue, which causes loosening of the tooth or various diseases.
Such sizes of pathological pockets are the first "bell" for the development of microbes. In such a situation, you should immediately contact your dentist. Also, gum inflammation and strong deposits on the surface of the tooth can be a symptom.
Many confuse curettage of periodontal pockets and professional cleaning. This is not entirely true, but these processes are united by a common goal - cleaning the surface of the teeth and preventing development. With medical cleansing, the tooth surface is cleaned and its enamel is polished. Curettage is distinguished by the removal of various tissues from periodontal pockets and what remains of them in the process of their decomposition.
Based on the size of the gap and the possibilities distinguish several types of this event:
This variety is used if the size of pathological pockets in problem teeth is no more than 5 mm. In this case, no surgical intervention is used, and the whole process occurs in the following way:
- Diagnosis of the condition, identifying the need for an event;
- Using local anesthesia and preparing for work;
- The actual process of cleaning your pocket using dental tools;
- Tooth polishing.
With this approach, the unity of the gingival tissue is not broken, large cracks are reduced and small ones are completely closed. Closed variety is the easiest process.
With this approach, the dissection of the gingival cover is mandatory. The open form of curettage is a surgical process and is performed only with large pockets (from 5 mm) or if the closed one does not help.
An open variety consists of the following steps:
- Mandatory problem diagnosis;
- Preparation of the instrument and anesthetic solutions followed by anesthesia;
- Gum cutting at the base of the periodontal pocket;
- Cleaning open slots using special tools;
- Surface treatment with osteogenic preparations for the speedy restoration of normal bone growth;
This operation allows you to not only perform curettage as efficiently as possible, but also to avoid any consequences of this procedure and increase the time until the next dentist visit.
After such a procedure, it is necessary to carefully observe all the indications of the doctor, which are given in an individual form to each patient. Indeed, all situations are different and it is rather difficult to derive any specific recommendations.
However, after a few months, it is recommended that you visit your dentist again. He will conduct a survey to determine the effectiveness of the procedure and set a date for the next.
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